Table Saw Vs Circular Saw | Comparison & Uses Explained
Woodworks have never been as convenient and accurate as with a table and circular saw. Both the machines are groundbreaking innovations in the carpentry industry. These machines bring convenience to your lives by cutting the wood cutting time by half. Not only that, a table and circular saw saves your energy tenfold and keep the work as accurate as it can get. Both the machines are run by electricity and driven by motors that deliver tremendous efficiency.
They come with blades that are connected to the motors via a belt or gear system. They have some differences and similarities. Essentially, both the machines are designed to carry out woodworking business; however, one might take the lead on the other due to a superior feature. For instance, a circular saw is portable, fast, and affordable. On the other hand, a table saw is accurate, convenient, and ultra-powerful. Let us see which machine is better in the next section.
Table saw has been widely used in the carpentry industry. The table saw has been the muscle of all the carpenters. They come with a lot of features that make woodcutting an easy job. This machine is primarily used to carry out large-scale commercial carpentry. Please have a look at the most popular table saws in the market.
Formerly, wood cutting would take a lot of time and energy, especially cutting large pieces of wood. With the industrial revolution and technological advancement, this task has been made easy by ten folds. Let us have a look at the components of the table saw.
Anatomy Of a Table Saw
Table saws aren’t mechanically sophisticated machines; they are driven by motors with certain horsepower determining their power. It comes with a toothed blade run by the motor with the help of a belt or gear system. Then, it comes with a table that holds the blade and on which you place the workpiece to feed it to the blade.
In addition to that, the table saw also comes with a rip fence system that holds the workpiece firmly in one place. Miter gauge holds the workpiece at an angle so that you can get angled cuts. Besides, it comes with a handwheel just beneath the table, which is used to raise or lower the blade that protrudes through the table. Raising or lowering the blade determines the depth of cuts you want to make in the wood piece.
The table saw also has a table as the name is very well suggestive of. You place the workpiece on the table to feed it to the blade for cutting. The table is held firmly by durable, cast iron legs that are heavy enough to absorb all the vibrations generated during the operation to grant you a smooth cutting job. Your table saw may also come with a cabinet and dust collection system that collects all the sawdust to grant you an obstruction-free operation.
On the other hand, a Circular saw is used for low-scale projects such as DIY projects or trim carpentry. The fundamental purpose of both the machines is the same that is cutting the wood that’s the reason it is considered as the alternative of table saw. But circular saw cannot be used for carrying out large-scale projects.
However, it can be used to cut various materials such as concrete boards, lumber, PVC panels, timber, and much more. Circular saws are mountable as well as handheld, which allows for precision in your work. Let us have a look at the general anatomy of a circular saw.
Anatomy Of A Circular Saw
So basically, it comes with a toothed blade that does the actual cutting. Besides, it has a power cord which drives it via an electric source. Now, the blade is bolted in its place and guarded by a plate and upper guard. This blade is driven by a motor which is powered by electricity. You hold the circular saw from the handle while working and powering the machine through a trigger button close to the handle. It also comes with a bevel adjustment system and depth lock that helps cut bevels and adjust the depth of the cuts. So that’s all about the components of a circular saw; let us now discuss which one is better between a circular saw and a table saw.
Major Difference Between Table Saw and Circular Saw
Picking the right machine for your woodworking job might be arduous as you need to choose the one that fits right. For that matter, you really need to do some homework before purchasing a saw. Both machines give you accurate cuts; however, one can do cutting on a large scale, and the other cannot. One is versatile in cutting, and the other renders cutting of limited types of material. Now, let us see in the next section which of the woodcutting machines takes the lead.
Evident enough, circular saws are more portable than table saws because they are handheld. You can also mount the circular saw on a flat surface when needed, but you hold it in your hand most of the time. On the other hand, table saws are meant to stay stationary because you move the workpiece instead of the machine for cutting purposes. Many table saws come with wheels nowadays, which allows for moving them from one place to another. However, you cannot put them in your cars for moving long distances as you do with circular saws.
2. Accuracy And Stability
When it comes to stability and accuracy, the table saw takes the front line. As they are heavy and the blade is integrated into the table, they stand firm on the ground. Whereas, there can be many chances of human error when using a circular saw because they are handheld. A table saw is also more accurate in cuts than a circular saw because a circular saw is subjected to many jittery movements. On the other hand, a table saw is firm, and the vibrations are minimized to a greater extent.
3. Rip and Cross Cuts
Making rip and crosscuts on the wood workpiece requires a lot of precision, efficiency, and power. It is ultra-convenient to make rip cuts on the workpiece using a table saw. First of all, it provides a convenient working environment; you simply have to place the wood on the table and feed it to the blade while the blade is fully raised. On the other hand, making rip cuts might be a hassle using a circular saw.
When it comes to versatility, a circular saw is a star. You can use the circular saw to cut materials other than wood planks. For instance, you can use it to cut PVC panels, cement boards, lumber, timber, etc. On the other hand, a table saw isn’t specialized to cut other materials such as mentioned above.
Table saw definitely comes with a greater upfront cost as compared to the circular saw. The difference between the price tags of both the machines is a huge one. A table saw is used for specialized carpentry and uses high-quality, sophisticated material in its construction. Also, they are used for commercial or industrial use, so table saw unquestionably cost more than circular saws.
Presently, well-reputed and authentic companies manufacture the safest machines; however, they can never minimize the risk to zero. But studies have shown that there have been more cases of injuries caused by a table saw than a circular saw. The reason why is because you need to feed the workpiece to the blade using your hand, so there are chances of kickback. You need to be very professional and careful while working with a table saw. On the other hand, a circular saw is relatively safer than a table saw.
7. Saw Dust Management
While it may not concern many people, sawdust can be a big issue and may cause inconvenience by obstructing the view while working. Also, if inhaled, it can cause many health issues. Table saw comes with sawdust collection system that minimizes the dust cloud created while you are cutting wood. Unfortunately, the circular saw isn’t equipped with any dust port system.
Frequently Asked Questions
Which is better: a table saw, or a circular saw?
It depends on what purpose you are getting any of the machines for. Both of the wood cutting machines have their own benefits and drawbacks. A tale saw is more accurate at what it is programmed to do. It renders precise and accurate rip cuts. On the other hand, a circular saw is more portable, less expensive, and versatile, but it isn’t as accurate as a table saw is.
Is circular saw dangerous?
There is no 100 percent safety guaranteed for any machine you use. The circular saw has a shard blade that spins at a very high speed. Any mishandling may lead to serious injuries. Therefore, you should always use the machine only if you are skillful enough. Otherwise, you need to stay away from such machinery if you have zero skill to use it.
Is a circular saw safer than a table saw?
A Circular saw wouldn’t grant as smooth and accurate cuts as a table saw would, but a circular saw is much safer than a table saw. You need to feed the workpiece to the blade of the table saw. There are many chances of kickback which can cause serious injuries.
Table and circular saws have taken the carpentry industry by storm. They have made the work of the carpenters easier. Both of the machines bring convenience, save your time, and grant accuracy in your woodworks. However, both of the machines are different from each other in many ways. We have discussed a detailed comparison of the machines in the above section. It is up to you to decide which one suits you the best.